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Butterflies of Africa
Janetta Forester
Euphaedra janetta   BUTLER, 1871
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - LIMENITIDINAE
Tribe - ADOLIADINI
Euphaedra janetta male, Bobiri forest, Ghana Adrian Hoskins
Introduction
The genus Euphaedra comprises of a yet to be discerned number of large and very beautiful forest-dwelling butterflies, all found on the African continent. In 1997 Hecq revised the genus and at that time listed a total of 180 species. This figure is challenged by other workers who believe that many of these are merely local forms or subspecies. However in 2012 Hecq produced a further revision of the eleus species-group, describing an additional 12 species, bringing the total in the genus to 192. When working in the field it is immediately obvious that there are a huge number of specimens that are noticeably dissimilar to any of the insects illustrated by Hecq but it is unclear whether these are examples of intra-specific variation, distinct taxa or hybrids.
All Euphaedra species share a common wing shape. Most have a similar pattern on the upperside - typically the basal areas of the wings ( particularly the hindwings ) have large suffused patches of metallic blue, green, orange or red. Most species also have a cream or orange sub-apical bar. The undersides are usually some shade of yellow or green, marked with black spots and streaks that vary in intensity and configuration according to taxon and locality. Many species including janetta and sarcoptera also have beautiful pink patches or streaks on the underside hindwings.
Euphaedra janetta is found from Sierra Leone to Congo and the Central African Republic.

Euphaedra janetta male, Bobiri forest, Ghana Adrian Hoskins

Habitats
As with all Euphaedra species, this butterfly is an inhabitant of tropical rainforest, and is found at altitudes between sea level and about 1000m. It survives well in mildly degraded forest, and also breeds in riparian forest, and certain woodland / savannah habitats, e.g. in Mole N.P. in Ghana.
Lifecycle
This appears to be unknown, but it is likely that the larvae will feed on Sapindaceae.
Adult behaviour

Both sexes fly close to the ground, elegantly weaving their way through the forest undergrowth. They are strongly attracted to fallen fruits, and patrol back and forth along forest paths in search of them. Males often bask with wings outspread in sunspots on the forest floor.

Euphaedra janetta female, Bobiri forest, Ghana Adrian Hoskins

Euphaedra janetta female, Boabeng-Fiema, Ghana Adrian Hoskins

 

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