Butterflies of Africa
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
Tribe - ADOLIADINI
Mount Gemi, Likpe Hills, Ghana / Togo border
© Adrian Hoskins
Hamanumida comprises of a single
species - daedalus, which is popularly
known as the Guineafowl due to it's colour and pattern which
resembles that of the guineafowl bird.
Hamanumida daedalus is widespread
across Africa including Madagascar. It also occurs in the Arab
This is a grassland / savannah species found at altitudes between
sea level and about 800m. It is associated mainly with dry, rocky
grassland where there are scattered bushes and trees, but also
rapidly colonises abandoned agricultural land.
The primary larval foodplant is Combretum,
but Terminalia and
Tectona ( teak ) are also used.
butterflies are normally seen singly or in two's and three's. Males
will mud-puddle at the edges of fords and small streams, but both
sexes are more commonly seen aggregating at the top of hills where
courtship and copulation take place. They fly very low over the
ground, and frequently settle to bask on bare ground or on rocks or
boulders. At all times they remain very alert, taking flight at the