Butterflies of Africa
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
Tribe - JUNONIINI
Hills, Ghana / Togo border
© Adrian Hoskins
Junonia comprises about 33 species
which are found variously in North America, South America, Africa,
Asia and Australia.
There are 17
species found in mainland Africa - hadrope,
schmiedeli, sophia, orithya,
hierta and oenone.
The latter 3 species also occur on Madagascar. Additionally there
are 2 species endemic to Madagascar - rhadama
Junonia chorimene is found from the
Gambia to Ethiopia and northern Kenya; and in s.w. Arabia.
This species is found in degraded open forest habitats, savannah /
woodland mosaics, and on farmland at altitudes between sea level and
The larval foodplants include Asystasia,
Hypoestes, Paulowilhelmia and
butterflies are usually found in open habitats where they nectar
avidly at any available flowers. In very hot weather they seek shade,
either within forest, or beneath trees in open situations.