Butterflies of Africa
Dark Blue Pansy
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
Tribe - JUNONIINI
Junonia comprises about 33 species
which are found variously in North America, South America, Africa,
Asia and Australia.
There are 17
species found in mainland Africa - hadrope,
schmiedeli, sophia, orithya,
hierta and oenone.
The latter 3 species also occur on Madagascar. Additionally there
are 2 species endemic to Madagascar - rhadama
Junonia oenone is a very common species
found across sub-Saharan Africa, southern Arabia and on Madagascar.
This species is primarily an insect of savannah / woodland mosaics,
but has adapted to many other habitats, and is now common in acacia
scrub, clearings in rainforest, grassy hillsides, parks, and city
to copulation, Aburi, Ghana
© Adrian Hoskins
The larval foodplants include Asystasia,
Brilliantaisia and Ruellia (
sexes are extremely fond of nectaring at the flowers of herbaceous
plants, and are especially attracted to Tridax.
Males perch on the ground or among tall grasses, to await passing
females, which lead them to a convenient spot nearby where copulation