Butterflies of Africa
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
Tribe - JUNONIINI
Likpe Hills, Ghana / Togo border
© Adrian Hoskins
Junonia comprises about 33 species
which are found variously in North America, South America, Africa,
Asia and Australia.
There are 17
species found in mainland Africa - hadrope,
schmiedeli, sophia, orithya,
hierta and oenone.
The latter 3 species also occur on Madagascar. Additionally there
are 2 species endemic to Madagascar - rhadama
Junonia stygia is found from
Senegal to the Congo. A very similar species
gregorii ( which some writers consider
to be a subspecies of stygia ) is found
from eastern Nigeria to western Kenya.
This species is found in degraded forest habitats, usually in shady
The larval foodplants include
adult butterflies are usually found in two's or three's, either
nectaring, or - if conditions are a little cloudy, basking or resting,
in the vicinity of flowers.