Butterflies of Africa
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
Tribe - JUNONIINI
Ghana © Adrian
Junonia comprises about 33 species
which are found variously in North America, South America, Africa,
Asia and Australia.
There are 17
species found in mainland Africa - hadrope,
schmiedeli, sophia, orithya,
hierta and oenone.
The latter 3 species also occur on Madagascar. Additionally there
are 2 species endemic to Madagascar - rhadama
Junonia terea is a very common and
widespread species, found from Senegal to southern Sudan, Ethiopia
and Somalia; and south to Congo, Tanzania and Transvaal.
This species is found in glades, clearings and forest edge habitats,
at altitudes between sea level and about 1200m.
The larval foodplants include Asystasia,
Phaulopsis and Ruellia (
Both sexes visit flowers for nectar, but
less so than is the case with other Junonia
species. They are more commonly seen basking, usually among low
herbage, in damper parts of their habitats.
terea, Bunso, Ghana
© Adrian Hoskins