Home

 

 
Butterflies of Africa
Gaudy Commodore
Precis octavia  CRAMER, 1777
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - NYMPHALINAE
Tribe - JUNONIINI
Precis octavia, dry season form, Aburi, Ghana Adrian Hoskins
Introduction
The genus Precis is closely allied to Junonia and includes several species that were formerly placed within that genus. The 2 genera differ however in genitalia structure and foodplant choice.
There are 20 currently recognised Precis species of which 14 are found exclusively on the African mainland. A further 2 are endemic to Madagascar. The remaining 3 are found in south-east Asia.
Precis octavia is seasonally dimorphic, i.e. it produces 2 different forms according to season. The dry season form is illustrated above. The wet season form had a dark brown ground colour, and is marked with narrow broken bands of blue and red. During the transitional period between the seasons both forms fly together, but intermediate forms are very rare.
The Gaudy Commodore is found throughout sub-Saharan Africa.

Precis octavia, wet season form, Aburi, Ghana Peter Bygate

Habitats
The true homes of this species are savannah, acacia scrub, and open woodland, but the butterfly has adapted to be able to use a range of additional habitats including secondary forest, arboreta, botanical gardens and wasteland.
Lifecycle
The larvae feed on various genera of Lamiaceae including Solenostemon, Plastosema, Rabdosia, Plectranthus, Pycnostachus and Coleus.
Adult behaviour

In common with other Precis ( and Junonia ) species, the butterflies avidly nectar at wild flowers, and can often be seen in abundance in sheltered areas of flowery grassland. They generally keep their wings erect, or half-open while nectaring, but bask with wings fully outspread when sitting on the ground, or on low foliage.

 

 

Contact  /  About me

Butterfly-watching holidays

Trip reports

UK latest sightings

Frequently asked questions

Strange but true !

Taxonomy & Evolution

Anatomy

Lifecycle

Enemies of butterflies

Survival strategies

Migration & dispersal

Habitats - UK / Palaearctic

Habitats - Tropical rainforests

Butterfly world census

Butterflies of the World :

British Isles

Europe

Amazon & Andes

North America

temperate Asia

Africa

Indian subcontinent

Malaysia & Borneo

Papua New Guinea

Australia & N.Z.

Insects of Britain & Europe

Insects of Amazonia

Moths of the Andes

Saturniidae - Silkmoths

Caterpillars of the World

Butterfly Photography

Recommended Books

Glossary

Links

Code of practice

Copyright - text & images

Copyright - text & images

X

X

X

X

 

All photographs, artwork, text & website design are the property of Adrian Hoskins ( unless otherwise stated ) and are protected by Copyright. Photographs or text on this website must not be reproduced in part or in whole or published elsewhere without prior written consent of Adrian Hoskins / learnaboutbutterflies.com

Site hosted by Just Host