Moths of the Amazon and Andes
Sky Pointing moth
Agathodes designalis  GUENÉE, 1854
Superfamily - PYRALOIDEA
subfamily - SPILOMELINAE
Tribe -
Agathodes designalis, Rio Pindayo, Peru © Adrian Hoskins
Until recently the Crambidae and Pyralidae were grouped together as Pyralidae, but the most recent revision by Munroe & Solis in 1999 classifies both as full families within the superfamily Pyraloidea.
The Crambidae comprises of about 11,630 known species worldwide, although the true number must be considerably higher, as these moths are generally small and a high percentage of them are dull and inconspicuous. The family is divided into 18 subfamilies, with the Spilomelinae containing about 3,800 species worldwide. The taxonomy of the Pyralidae and Crambidae however are both still in disarray and the current classification is certain to change as more is learnt.
There are 17 known species in the genus Agathodes but it is likely that the true number of species is considerably higher.
Agathodes designalis is found in Ecuador, Peru and Brazil.
The illustrated species was photographed in rainforest at Rio Pindayo in eastern Peru, at a altitude of about 200m. Many other very similar species occur at higher altitudes, e.g. up to at least 2500m in the cloudforests of Manu national park.
To be completed.
Adult behaviour

All Agathodes species habitually adopt a jet-fighter resting posture. After settling they slowly raise their abdomens. Some species rest with the abdomen raised vertically or canted sideways, while others including designalis curve it forwards over the back, scorpion-style.



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