Moths of the Amazon
Sky Pointing moth
Family - CRAMBIDAE
Rio Pindayo, Peru
© Adrian Hoskins
Until recently the Crambidae and Pyralidae were grouped together as
Pyralidae, but the most recent revision by Munroe & Solis in 1999
classifies both as full families within the superfamily Pyraloidea.
The Crambidae comprises of about 11,630 known species worldwide,
although the true number must be considerably higher, as these moths
are generally small and a high percentage of them are dull and
inconspicuous. The family is divided into 18 subfamilies, with the
Spilomelinae containing about 3,800 species worldwide. The taxonomy
of the Pyralidae and Crambidae however are both still in disarray
and the current classification is certain to change as more is
There are 17 known
species in the genus Agathodes but it
is likely that the true number of species is considerably higher.
Agathodes designalis is found in
Ecuador, Peru and Brazil.
The illustrated species was photographed in rainforest at Rio
Pindayo in eastern Peru, at a altitude of about 200m. Many other
very similar species occur at higher altitudes, e.g. up to at least
2500m in the cloudforests of Manu national park.
To be completed.
habitually adopt a jet-fighter
resting posture. After settling they slowly raise their abdomens. Some
species rest with the abdomen raised vertically or canted sideways,
while others including designalis curve
it forwards over the back, scorpion-style.