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Moths of the Amazon and Andes
Sculpted Sphinx
Xylophanes loelia  DRUCE, 1878
Superfamily - BOMBYCOIDEA
Family - SPHINGIDAE
subfamily - MACROGLOSSINAE
Tribe -
Xylophanes loelia, Manu cloudforest, 1400m, Peru  Adrian Hoskins
Introduction
The genus Xylophanes includes about 65 species, all of which are confined to the neotropical region. All have a similar wing shape and long pointed abdomen. The moths vary considerably in colour but are all cryptically patterned to resemble wood, bark or dead leaves.
Xylophanes loelia is one of several very similar species marked on the forewings with a series of thin suffused lines radiating from the apex towards the base of the inner margin. The pattern gives the moths a very wooden appearance that is so convincing that they appear to be sculpted. It is an extremely effective camouflage when they are at rest amongst woody stems.
This species occurs from Mexico to southern Peru.
Habitats
Xylophanes loelia is a common species in mid-elevation cloudforest habitats. At lower altitudes it is replaced by other Xylophanes species such as aglaor and isaon.
Lifecycle
To be completed.
Adult behaviour

The moths are commonly attracted to fluorescent or mercury vapour lighting.

 

 

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