Northern Brown Ringlet
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Wollongong NSW, Australia
© David Fischer
Hypocysta comprises of 12 species, found variously in
Australia and New Guinea. Most Hypocysta
species have elongated wings, and are dark brown on the upperside,
with large orange or white patches. The hindwings usually have
Hypocysta irius is found in south
Queensland and New South Wales.
This species inhabits grassy
places including forest clearings, at elevations up to about 1500m.
The eggs are smooth, globular and yellow in colour. They are laid
singly in on various grasses such asa Cynodon
and Imperata ( Poaceae ). The
plump larvae exist in two morphs - either bright green or dark
brown. Both forms have numerous faint thin dorsal and lateral
stripes, and black heads with long white-tipped horns. The pupa is
pale brown, lightly mottled with darker brown. It is suspended from
a stem, and looks very much like a curled dead leaf.
butterflies rarely visit flowers, and are more often seen resting or
basking on grasses or low herbage.