Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - SATYRINAE
Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia
© David Fischer
There are only 2
Tisiphone species -
abeona and helena,
both of which are endemic to Australia. The adults are distinctly
marked with broad bands across the forewings and red or
orange-ringed ocelli on the hindwings, so cannot be mistaken for any
is found in southern Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Canberra
and South Australia. There are 8 named subspecies.
inhabits glades and clearings in open woodland habitats at
elevations between about 50-1200m according to locality.
The egg is bright green and globular. It is laid singly on grasses
at the base of a tussock. The larva is bright emerald green with a
broad suffused red stripe along the back. It feeds in the evening on
swordgrass Gahnia ( Cyperaceae ), and
hides by day at the base of the plant in a head-downwards position.
The chrysalis is bright green with a narrow yellow line along the
inner margin of the wing cases. It is suspended by the cremaster
from a blade of swordgrass.
The adults have a slow lazy
flight and bask with wings partly or fully outspread on low herbage.