Home

 

 
Butterflies of the Indian subcontinent
Common Jezebel
Delias eucharis  DRURY, 1773
Family - PIERIDAE
subfamily - PIERINAE
Tribe - PIERINI
Delias eucharis, Weligaththa, Sri Lanka  Adrian Hoskins
Introduction
There are about 225 described species in the genus Delias. The butterflies are popularly known as Jezebels. Most species are gaudily patterned in red, yellow, black and white - the colours serving to advertise their unpalateable nature to would-be predators.
Many of the species are highly localised, being endemic to particular islands in south-east Asia, or restricted to certain mountain ranges, e.g. in New Guinea. Others occupy much broader ecological niches, and are more generally distributed.
Among the latter group are hyparete which is distributed from India to s.w. China, the Philippines, peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Java and Bali; and eucharis which is found in India, Burma and Sri Lanka.
D. eucharis and hyparete are similar in appearance, but can be told apart by the black apical band on the forewing. In hyparete the band forms an arc, and terminates at the tornus. In eucharis the lower half of the band runs parallel to the outer margin, and terminates part way along the inner margin. There are also differences in the red markings on the underside hindwings - in hyparete these fuse together to form a suffused band, but in eucharis they are separated into distinct shield-shaped red spots.
Habitats
Delias eucharis is nomadic in behaviour, and can be found in a wide variety of habitats including temperate hill forest, tropical rainforest, dry open woodland and beach hinterlands. It is a common species in flowery gardens, and commonly visits flowering bushes in towns. The butterfly can be found at altitudes between sea level and at least 1500m.
Lifecycle
The larval foodplant is mistletoe - Loranthus ( Loranthaceae ).
Adult behaviour
The butterflies spend much of their lives high in the tree tops where their larval foodplants grow as parasites on a variety of tree species. They can often be seen flying from tree to tree on sunny mornings. Periodically however both sexes will descend and embark on a "nectaring run", fluttering swiftly from garden to garden, pausing here and there for a moment to sip the nectar of Lantana
( Verbenaceae ), Mentha ( Lamiaceae ), and other flowers. When nectaring, the wings are usually kept fluttering to support the weight of the butterfly.
Delias eucharis, Mumbai, India Anand Narkevar
 

 

Contact  /  About me

Butterfly-watching holidays

Trip reports

UK latest sightings

Frequently asked questions

Strange but true !

Taxonomy & Evolution

Anatomy

Lifecycle

Enemies of butterflies

Survival strategies

Migration & dispersal

Habitats - UK / Palaearctic

Habitats - Tropical rainforests

Butterfly world census

Butterflies of the World :

British Isles

Europe

Amazon & Andes

North America

temperate Asia

Africa

Indian subcontinent

Malaysia & Borneo

Papua New Guinea

Australia & N.Z.

Insects of Britain & Europe

Insects of Amazonia

Moths of the Andes

Saturniidae - Silkmoths

Caterpillars of the World

Butterfly Photography

Recommended Books

Glossary

Links

Code of practice

Copyright - text & images

Copyright - text & images

X

X

X

X

 

All photographs, artwork, text & website design are the property of Adrian Hoskins ( unless otherwise stated ) and are protected by Copyright. Photographs or text on this website must not be reproduced in part or in whole or published elsewhere without prior written consent of Adrian Hoskins / learnaboutbutterflies.com

Site hosted by Just Host