Butterflies of the
Blue Spotted Crow
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - DANAINAE
Tribe - DANAINI
Euploea midamus, Ultapani, Assam, India
© Adrian Hoskins
The subfamily Danainae, which includes the Monarchs & Tigers, Nymphs
and Crows, comprises of about 190 species worldwide.
genus Euploea is very distinctive. All
of the 59 known species are dark brown in colour, and most have a
double band of white spots on the underside of the wings, and tiny
white spots on the sides of the thorax. On the upperside, males of
most species have a deep blue or purple sheen.
Euploea midamus is distributed from
India and Nepal to China, Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia,
Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi and Java.
species is found in rainforest and humid deciduous forest at
elevations between sea level and about 500m.
The eggs are
laid singly on the buds of the larval foodplants. A wide variety of
plants are eaten by the caterpillars including
Nerium ( Apocynaceae ) and
Ficus ( Moraceae ).
are often seen imbibing moisture from patches of damp ground. They
also visit dung and decomposing fruit on the forest floor, usually in
the company of other Euploea species.
Females are more commonly seen when nectaring, with a preference for
the flowers of Lantana.