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Butterflies of the Indian subcontinent
Blue Spotted Crow
Euploea midamus LINNAEUS, 1758
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - DANAINAE
Tribe - DANAINI
Euploea midamus, Ultapani, Assam, India Adrian Hoskins
Introduction
The subfamily Danainae, which includes the Monarchs & Tigers, Nymphs and Crows, comprises of about 190 species worldwide.
The genus Euploea is very distinctive. All of the 59 known species are dark brown in colour, and most have a double band of white spots on the underside of the wings, and tiny white spots on the sides of the thorax. On the upperside, males of most species have a deep blue or purple sheen.
Euploea midamus is distributed from India and Nepal to China, Vietnam, the Philippines, Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, Sulawesi and Java.
Habitats
This species is found in rainforest and humid deciduous forest at elevations between sea level and about 500m.
Lifecycle
The eggs are laid singly on the buds of the larval foodplants. A wide variety of plants are eaten by the caterpillars including Roupellia, Strophanthus, Nerium ( Apocynaceae ) and Ficus ( Moraceae ).
Adult behaviour

Males are often seen imbibing moisture from patches of damp ground. They also visit dung and decomposing fruit on the forest floor, usually in the company of other Euploea species. Females are more commonly seen when nectaring, with a preference for the flowers of Lantana.

 

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