and the islands of the South Pacific
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - DANAINAE
Tribe - DANAINI
The subfamily Danainae, which includes the Monarchs & Tigers, Nymphs
and Crows, comprises of about 190 species worldwide.
genus Euploea is very distinctive. All
of the 59 known species are dark brown in colour, and most have a
double band of white spots on the underside of the wings, and tiny
white spots on the sides of the thorax. On the upperside, males of
many species have a deep blue or purple sheen.
Euploea tulliolus is found in Myanmar,
Thailand, West Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo, the Philippines, Sulawesi,
Java, West Irian, Papua New Guinea, Fiji, New Caledonia,
Bougainville, eastern Australia and the Solomon Islands.
This species can be found in a wide variety of
lowland habitats including mangrove swamp, tropical rainforest, dry
woodland, Acacia scrub and beach
hinterlands at elevations from sea level to about 800m.
The egg is
white and is laid singly on shoots and tendrils of the larval
foodplants. In Australia the larva usually feeds on
Trophis ( Moraceae ) but elsewhere it
Ficus ( Moraceae ) and
Nerium ( Apocynaceae ).
have chemical defences so the larva bites partly through the leaf
pedicle to cut off the flow of toxins from within the stem. The
fully grown larva has 2 pairs of long black filaments on the thorax
and another pair on the anal segment. Each body segment is narrowly
ringed in black and white, the latter merging to orange just above
the spiracles. The pupa is a remarkable object. It is metallic
chrome silver in colour, and is suspended by the cremaster from
beneath a leaf of the foodplant.
are often seen imbibing moisture from damp ground or feeding at
decomposing fruit on the forest floor. Females are more often seen
when nectaring, and have a strong preference for the flowers of
Lantana. At dusk the butterflies gather
together in communal roosts - typically
of a dozen or so will cluster together, hanging from twigs in