Mexico, USA & Canada
Family - NYMPHALIDAE
subfamily - BIBLIDINAE
Tribe - EPIPHILINI
subtribe - EPIPHILINA
© Adrian Hoskins
Pyrrhogyra includes 6 known species,
all marked on the underside with large white areas enclosed within
rings that are formed from narrow red lines. An unusual and notable
feature is that the butterflies also have red eyes.
Pyrrhogyra species are very similar in
appearance. They can be distinguished from one another by carefully
examining the markings around the underside hindwing margins and by
comparing the size and shape of the greenish-white areas on the dark
butterflies are exclusively neotropical, some species being found as
far north as Mexico, and others as far south as Bolivia and
Paraguay, but the state of Amazonas in Brazil probably has the
highest diversity of species.
Pyrrhogyra edocla is
the most widespread and common species, found from Mexico to
This butterfly can be found in most mid-elevation forest habitats,
including deciduous areas, and at all altitudes from about 500-1600
The eggs are pale yellow and shaped like flattened cones. They are
laid singly on young leaves of the foodplants.
The caterpillar is pale
green, densely covered on the back and sides with branched black
spikes. It's head is deep pink, and bears a pair of long whorled
spikes. It feeds diurnally on the foliage of
Serjania plants ( Sapindaceae ).
chrysalis is green with brown wing-cases, and is attached by the
cremaster to the upper surface of a leaf, projecting laterally.
Males are usually encountered
singly or sometimes in two's or three's when
imbibing moisture from urine-soaked sand, damp rocks or wet foliage.
These feeding sites are usually within the forest, at light gaps or on
wide trails, although the butterflies will also visit open sandbanks.
are seen less frequently, usually when basking on low foliage between
egg-laying sessions, or when visiting flowers.
disturbed the butterflies fly off rapidly, and hide upside-down
beneath leaves on bushes or young saplings, usually no more than a
metre from the ground. They also go to roost in similar situations
overnight or in dull or wet weather.